The '''General Education Board''' was a philanthropy
which was used primarily to support higher education
and medical school
s in the United States
, and to help rural white and black schools in the Southern United States|South
, as well as modernize agriculture|farming practices
in the South. It helped eradicate hookworm
and created the county agent system in American agriculture, linking research as state agricultural experiment station
s with actual practices in the field.
The Board was created by John D. Rockefeller
and Frederick T. Gates
in 1902. Rockefeller gave it $180 million. Its head Frederick Gates envisioned "The Country School of To-Morrow," wherein "young and old will be taught in practicable ways how to make rural life beautiful, intelligent, fruitful, recreative, healthful, and joyous."
[Frederick T. Gates. "The Country School Of To-Morrow," ''Occasional Papers,'' No. 1 (1913)... ]